Asbestos

Introduction

Health Risks

Where asbestos is found

Determining if asbestos is present

If asbestos is present

Removal of ACM

Surveying for ACM

Asbestos regulations

Notification Requirements

Download Notification form

Download Revision Notification form

Fees

Abatement Equipment

Asbestos Consultants

Asbestos Contractors

Tips for Hiring a Contractor

Asbestos disposal sites

Laboratories

Need more information?


Introduction

There are several types of asbestos fibers, all of which are lightweight, fire resistant, and not easily destroyed by natural processes. Because of these characteristics, asbestos was used in construction and thermal insulation until about 1979.

 

Between 1900 and 1979, an estimated 30 million tons were installed in commercial, industrial, and private buildings.

 

Frequently, asbestos fibers are mixed with materials that bind them together producing asbestos containing material (ACM).

 

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), State of California, and the Ventura County Air Pollution Control District (APCD) have regulations regarding air pollutants to protect public health and the environment.

 

Through Rule 62.7, the APCD regulates asbestos renovation and demolition projects.

 

Health Risks

The EPA has determined that there is no completely safe level of exposure to asbestos. Exposure to asbestos occurs when its fibers are released into the air and inhaled. While they are not visible, these fibers can be deadly.

 

The danger occurs when smaller fibers in the air become embedded in the lungs, and the body has no way to remove them. Usually, symptoms do not appear for 20 or more years after the first exposure.

 

Exposure to asbestos increases the risk of lung cancer in individuals by five times. Cancer of the stomach and internal organs such as the mouth, esophagus, larynx, kidneys, and colon can also be caused by asbestos exposure.

 

Each exposure to asbestos increases an individual's risk of acquiring asbestos-related diseases.

 

Where asbestos is found

Asbestos is likely to be found in buildings constructed before 1979 and almost certain to be present in those built before 1950. Asbestos was often sprayed or trowelled on ceilings and walls for thermal, acoustical, and decorative purposes. It may also be found in insulation for stoves, furnaces, boilers, pipes, walls, and ceilings. Vinyl floor tiles, sheet flooring, patching compounds, cement shingles, artificial fireplace logs, and textured paints are other areas where asbestos was commonly used.

 

Exposure to asbestos can occur in home improvement and construction projects. For example, cutting a ceiling section may disturb sprayed-on decorative ACM. Replacing plumbing pipes may expose you to deteriorating asbestos pipe coverings. Cutting through shingle siding may expose you to insulation fibers.

 

In most cases, ACM is only dangerous when it is disturbed.

 

Determining if asbestos is present

Unless it is clearly labeled, it is impossible to visually detect asbestos. If you suspect a material contains asbestos, you can hire a California state licensed asbestos consultant to conduct a survey and take samples of the materials to a laboratory for analysis or you can take samples yourself.

 

If you choose to sample suspect material yourself, first wet it by using a spray bottle filled with water. After the material is thoroughly penetrated by water, carefully remove it and place it in a clean, leak-tight container.

 

Take the sample to an asbestos laboratory for analysis. To find a California state licensed consultant or laboratory in your area, check the telephone directory under "Asbestos" or "Environmental."

 

Bulk sample analysis determines the quantity (percent by area estimate), as well as the specific type of asbestos for each sampled area.

 

Results from analyses are interpreted as follows:

 

  • If one or more samples from the suspect ACM contains greater than one percent asbestos, the entire material is considered to contain asbestos.
  • If a doubt exists, or if further information is needed, samples should be reanalyzed or by point counting.

 

If asbestos is present

If the material is identified as ACM and it is in good condition, the APCD recommends leaving it alone. If the ACM is damaged, or if renovation, repair, or remodeling may disturb the material, you should hire a California state licensed asbestos abatement contractor to remove it in a safe and legal manner.

 

An asbestos removal contractor list is available through the Ventura County APCD or the Contractors' State License Board or check in your telephone directory under "Asbestos Abatement and Removal Service."

 

Removal of ACM

If a building or home is being demolished, a licensed asbestos contractor must remove all ACM prior to demolition. If a building or home is being renovated and the ACM may be disturbed, it must be removed by a licensed asbestos contractor prior to renovation.

 

Owners/occupants of single-unit dwellings personally performing renovations or demolitions are not regulated by Rule 62.7. However, the APCD strongly recommends that such operations be conducted in conformance with the rule's emission control requirements.

 

The disposal of waste asbestos containing materials must be in accordance with federal hazardous waste and state toxic waste laws.

 

Surveying for ACM

Your building or home must be surveyed in order to obtain a demolition permit. A licensed asbestos contractor must remove the asbestos before demolition starts. An asbestos survey must be completed if ACM will be disturbed during remodeling and repair work.

 

Asbestos regulations

The EPA established the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Asbestos to minimize the release of fibers during activities involving asbestos handling. The District regulates asbestos demolition and renovation operations using Rule 62.7 instead of the NESHAP.

 

Rule 62.7 applies to all renovation and demolition operations, including those not previously regulated under NESHAP. The rule applies to operations at dwelling units and operations involving 100 or more square feet of ACM. Residential single-unit dwellings where owner/occupant performs such operations are exempt.

 

Notification Requirements

The chart shown below indicates the provisions of Rule 62.7 and explains when a written notification must be submitted to the APCD.

 

Is it demolition?

YES

Notification IS required

NO

   

Is it a renovation at a residential single unit dwelling, which is being performed by the owner/occupant?

YES

Notification is NOT required.

NO

   

Does the renovation involve less than 100 square feet of ACM?

YES

Notification is NOT required.

NO

   

Does the renovation involve only the removal of asbestos containing packings, gaskets, resilient floor coverings (9 inch tile, sheet vinyl, etc.), or asphalt roofing products that are in good condition and to be removed following the procedures in subsection E.2.a. of Rule 62.7

YES

Notification is NOT required.

NO

   

Notification IS required.*

   

 

* Written notifications must be postmarked or delivered to the District at least 10 working days prior to starting the work, and must be accompanied by the fee specified in APCD Rule 45.2.

 

If the operation is at a residential building having four or fewer dwelling units, the 10-day waiting period and fee do not apply, but the District must receive the notification prior to beginning demolition or renovation work.
If 100 or more square feet of ACM will be removed, a written notification must be submitted to the APCD.

 

Homeowners personally performing asbestos removal operations in their primary residence are exempt. However, the APCD strongly recommends that licensed, trained professionals perform such operations.

 

The APCD Notification of Demolition or Renovation form should be used by demolition contractors and asbestos abatement contractors.

 

The APCD Asbestos Notification Revision form can be used to submit revised information to the APCD Notification of Demolition or Renovation form.

 

Fees

If an asbestos renovation or demolition operation requires a written notification, District Rule 45.2  specifies the fees to be submitted with the notification.

 

No fee is required for projects at a residential building having four or fewer dwelling units.

 

Fees are divided into the following categories:

 

  • Projects removing less than 160 square feet of ACM shall be assessed a fee of $75.00.
  • Projects removing 160 to 5,000 square feet of ACM shall be assessed a fee of $230.00.
  • Projects removing more than 5,000 square feet of ACM shall be assessed a fee of $305.00.

 

Fees are due prior to the commencement of asbestos removal.

 

No additional fee is required for a notification revision

 

Abatement Equipment

The District does not require a Permit to Operate for HEPA filter vacuums, and does not require a District Permit to Operate for HEPA filter negative air machines, associated with asbestos abatement operations

 

Asbestos Consultants

For a list of asbestos consultants and certified site technicians please go to the California Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) California Asbestos Consultants and Certified Site Technicians database or refer to the telephone directory’s yellow pages under Asbestos Consulting and Testing.

 

 

The District does not recommend or endorse any consultant.

 

 

The Business and Professions Code and the Labor Code require asbestos consultants and site surveillance technicians to be certified by the Division of Occupational Safety and Health.

Asbestos Contractors

For a list of asbestos contractors please go to California Asbestos registrants' database.

 

 

The District does not recommend or endorse any contractors.

 

 

Rule 62.7 does not apply to operations at residential single-unit dwellings where the owner/occupant performs such operations. However, the District strongly recommends that such operations be conducted in conformance with the emission control requirements of this rule. The waste disposal of asbestos-containing materials must be in accordance with state and federal hazardous waste laws.

 

Homeowners who perform their own asbestos removal work can contract with the above Asbestos Contractors for transportation, disposal, or bagging of asbestos-containing waste. Please call the contractor to determine which services are offered. For additional listings, refer to the telephone directory’s yellow pages under Asbestos Abatement & Removal Services.

 

Tips for Hiring a Contractor

  • Call the Contractors State License Board to make sure the contractor you are considering has a valid, current license and certificate for asbestos abatement work. (800) 321-CSLB or (800) 321-2752.
  • Call the nearest Cal/OSHA district office to make sure the contractor has current registration as an asbestos abatement contractor. Van Nuys (818) 901-5403; Los Angeles (213) 576-7451; Ventura (805) 654-4581.
  • Make sure the contractor has general liability insurance as well as asbestos-specific coverage. If not, the homeowner or property owner may be liable for any worker injury.
  • Get bids from a minimum of three different qualified and licensed contractors. Ask each for references.
  • Clearly define the parameters of the project and your expectations for each bidding contractor. Beware of any bid that is substantially lower than the other bids. This may mean the contractor takes short cuts at the expense of safety.

 

Source: Contractors' State License Board

 

Asbestos disposal sites

Disposal of Asbestos Containing Material from a renovation at a residential single unit dwelling, which is being performed by the owner/occupant, must be disposed of in accordance with state and federal regulations.

 

The following disposal site, located nearby Ventura County, accepts ALL types of Asbestos Containing Material. CALL the landfill prior to transporting Asbestos Material to the landfill:

 

  • Azusa Land Reclamation Company
    (626)334-0719, 1201 West Gladstone Street, Azusa, CA 91702

 

The following disposal sites, located in Ventura County, accept ONLY NON FRIABLE (Category I & II) types of Asbestos Containing Material. CALL the landfill prior to transporting Asbestos Material to the landfill:

 

  • Toland Road Sanitary Landfill
    (805) 525-8217, 3500 N. Toland Rd., Santa Paula, CA 93060
    (Waste originating in the Santa Clara Valley only)
  • Simi Valley Landfill & Recycling Center
    (805) 579-7267, 2801 Madera Rd., Simi Valley, CA 93065

 

 

Note: The Del Norte Regional Recycling & Transfer Station does not accept any asbestos containing material.

 

 

 

Category I Nonfriable Asbestos Containing Material is "Asbestos-containing packings, gaskets, resilient floor covering, and asphalt roofing products, which are not in poor condition and which contain more than 1 percent asbestos."

 

Category II Nonfriable Asbestos Containing Material is "any material, excluding Category I nonfriable ACM, containing more than 1 percent asbestos that, when dry, cannot be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand pressure." e.g., Transite pipes, Transite/Cement shingles

 

Laboratories

  • Hygeia Environmental Laboratories, Inc.
    (626) 355-4711, 82 West Sierra Madre Blvd., Sierra Madre, CA 91024
  • Forensic Analytical
    (310) 763-2374, (888) 813-9417, 2959 Pacific Commerce Drive, Rancho Dominguez, CA 90221
  • EMS
    (626) 568-4065, 117 West Bellevue Drive, Pasadena, CA 91105-2503

 

 

The District does not recommend or endorse any laboratories.

 

 

 

Need more information?

For additional information about asbestos, Rule 62.7, or notification fees, e-mail or call Ken Hall (805) 645-1437 or Tod Neilan (805) 645-1476. 

 

The California Air Resources Board has recently published an informative handbook entitled "Asbestos - What you need to know." Copies can be obtained by contacting Wendy Slabaugh at (916) 327-7211.